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Full text of "Superintendents of the Yellowstone National Parks Monthly Report, October 1920"

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Copy from pj LE |y|0. 143 


192 0, 

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j b e r 


X* General conditions 1 

II • Personnel 3 

III* Work Completed- — 7 

IV • Work in Progreos— 8 

V. Work Begrm 

71 • Plana or Proposed Work— lu 

VII, Policies 10 

VII I • Cost of Operation 10 

IX. Other Matters of Interest 10 

Wild Aninals 11 

Birds 13 

Fishes 13 

Seasonal Changes— — 13 

Arrests a Violations of Law— 13a 

Forest Fires 1« 

Aeeidents and Casualties 16 

Medical ervices 

Natural ftiencmena 16 

Special Visitors 17 

Motion Plotures 17 

sHaeellaneons 17 

!• Receipts and ^omittances 16 





November 10, 1920. 

Dear Sir* 

2he followi%* is report on conditions In 
Tello* stone National Fajfc, and on the operation of the Park. 
for the month of Oct ober, 1920. 


o aaonthly mean tea*p«ratare was 38.2, which was 
a departure from normal of -3.3 ttgreo*. hile this 
are raged so ouch colder than usual, it was not so noticeable 
inasmuch as it was evenly divided up throughout the month 
and no unusual extremes occurred. j?he :nsxi?num temperature 
was 73 degrees, which occurred on October 4th* ^he total 
precipitation w* 1.8 of water, which was 0.66 inches mere 
thaa normal for October, fey 16 days of the month there was 
an appreciable amount of precipitation. A greater number of 
days with rain or snow has not been recorded for October in 
33 years* record. She total snowfall was 17.1 inches, rhich 
has been *xn%*&9& for the month but twice , namely, 26.6 in 
1919, and 21.8 inches in 1916. fbc greatest depth of snow 
en the ground at ?3aaraoth during the month was 5.6 inches on 
the 16th« At the end of the month, snov laid on the gr-und 
at different ranger stations in the Park at the following 
depth t 

Memoth ♦.«.... 4.3 Inches 

ITorris, ♦♦.... 7.6 " 

Madison Junction, ... ;;.6 " 

Blrerside, 3.0 ■ 

Gallatin, ..♦•. M.O " 

Upper Basin, ••••••••« Z.Z » 

Thumb, »•... »..•• 9.0 ■ 

Snake River, 11.0 <■ 

Sylvan Pass, ••••»•••« 1^.7 ■ 

Lake, 4.0 " 

Canyon, . 4.0 

Sower Falls, ».*...... 2.6 " 

Soda Butte, •• 4.7 ■ 

Jellroaring, ......... 9.3 " 

Crevice, • 6.6 H 

The wind movement was above normal, and the max 
velocity of 42 miles p** hour from the southwest on 
tho 7th has been exceeded but once and equaled but 
once during the past sixteen years. She sunshine was 
deficient, being but 54,J of the possible. 

2ho monthly Meteorological Beport furnished 
by the United iitatea leather Bureau is enclose here- 

lie snow lay over practically the entire 
Park at the and of the month , it was soft and did not 
hinder the wild animals from gettin grass without 
difficulty, and the graaing and other conditions for 
them ware excellent. 

Eelther did it Kinder traffic on Pa** roads, 
except over the high divides, and there was no diffi- 
culty in getting around to the main points on the belt 
line when necessary to do so. Concessioners who had 
business in the Faffc ran motor transportation to Upper 
Basin, iAfee Outlet, and Canyon, thro ^ha month, 

akid oar own trucks were; In use supplying stations for 
the winter, bringing in tools and ftq 
In use during the summer, etc. | addition to these, 
local residents passed through to and from the wast 
entrance and to Cooke City. The high passes - ylvaa, 
Continental Divide between Upper Basin and Lake, 9 uthern 
approach road, and Dun flaven Pass road, were closed by 
snow to motor transportation about the middle of October* 

A few belated private motorists were permitted 
to pass through the ?;*rk and sac as much of its wonders 
as the weather would permit, but Uamra were no aooontaeda- 
tiona for than and they either had to carry along their 
ewn camp equipment, or make one day trips from Oardiner 
or est Yellowstone. Sally train service is maintained 
to the north entrance at a&rdiner all winter, but the 
weekly train service to est Yellov/stone was discontinued 
on October 31st. 


fhe enclosed Chief Banger 1 s travel Eeports for 
with similar report for October, 1919, for com- 
indieates mere than usual travel after the close 

of the NwH season. ilm permits for using auto- 

- 2 - 

aobile* in the re** Mre sold up to and Including October 
10th. when- the oractioe of charging for the. its was 

discontinued and no one was permitted to travel on park 
roads without a special permit. Between the 10th and the 
•ad of the month. 32 special permits to make ah rt trips 
were issued, and five permits were issued to local 
residents to pass through to Jest Yellowstone or the south 
entrance, and to bring bade game trophies with them, undor 

During the ^onth a statenent was isr >ed to the 
press giving an analysis of tie total eason f s travel as 
compared ith other /ears - copy herewith. 

i,abor and Saimly TfajfH^ 

!Phere was but little demand for labor, as most 
of the work in the Park has been discontinued for the 
winter. Concessioners who are still building and making 
other Improvements have not found skilled labor rerj 

Supplies, especia ly in the line of subsistence, 
are gradually becoming more reasonable in price, particular ly 
ftqgar. flour, and vegetabl 

II. PK?S0K?r.iL. 

On October 1st there were 125 employees on duty 
under this office, but bj October Slst. this number had 
been reduced to 74. 

list of employees serving mdex 
with a general statement of U of work performed by 

eaeh elass, is given below. 

£&•» £Iatt .a of work performed. 

I sst* >:igineer In charge of lead repair crev?s at 

headquarters, and on west and south 
roads, and Joking surveys. 

Clerks 1 disbursing agent and purchasing 

clerk; 1 stenographer-typist on 
orders, proposals and vouchors; 
1 stenographer- typist (resigned 
effective October 6); 1 on ti e 
keeping and cost accounting (re- 
signed effective October 7); 1 
stenographer-tyoisfc on files and 
stono^ri hie werfc. 

2 Electricians 


Mud of ^^ wrftMHi 

1 in charge power plant, read jaet r« 
«* did MMssary line work (resigned 
•ffective October 30} « 2 assistants 
who o ©rated plant regular shifts 

McUMol Mae*** 

la eharge of construction am la Dun,- 
raven Pass. 

1 in charge of engineering wrk end 
l^« 9* w**t *ide of *ne Park, 
•f*%^l^ sarvoysi 1 in charge of 
stables at he? ;$♦ 

Telegraph Operator received ell Government 

/est€*ra Union messages? operated one 
shift on telephone ewi tchboard. 

telephone 3witc ,ted telephone switchboard, daily 

board o erators. shifts, including Sundaya (1 laid off 

effect! re , srvleee no longer 

req ired). 

Hester ^eenanie - In charge of shops, and of repairs to 
heavy read ma* a * field. 

Blacksmith &eaeral blacksmith work, including 

shoeing horses In shop and in the 
field for crews; overhauling and re- 
pairing tools and equivalent. 

steward and Master - In charge of all transportation and 
of transportation storehouses. 


1 Buffalo Keeper 

Benovated quarters at headquarters, 
also painted signs and e^uiooent. 

In charge of telephone and tole^rapb 
syitem, , inclu^r doin* ns*w* 

arorfc lathe . Did 

ork and installed instrwteats* 

us work jX Headquarters. 

worked in storehouse iss in£ and re- 
colvix^g supplies. 

In charge of tame buffalo herd, and 
raising forage for sane at Lamar Kivor 

v . 

- 4 - 

m* dag* 

1 Asst. Buffalo 
1 Park naturalist 

1 Flsrafoer 

fi*I*i*§f hay for stiff alo and other 
on Slo^h Creek. 





•rtere^le tool 

In ohai^o ©f Information Office, 
scientific research, tiafeer cutting 
operations, otc. 

In charge of general pluntoij^ and 
repairs to same at headquarters. 

Sqpalring Motorcyoioa. 

Repairing motor tracks and touring care. 

Chief Backer 
Asst. Orief Har. 

4 Flret-Claas ^arfc 

trly patrols during n%ht at 
head^imrtors* took caro of office, and 
leapt twnmc- night. 

In charge >f Kaqg<%r force. 

* !■ ^f Han&er flfflli 1 

In c f sentfeern tf 1 in 

charge of vreetsrn die in 

charge of northern district and of 
alette aM paeic trains 1 trails 

an4 e&Mns, (1 transferred to aiacier 
frurtt, effect ire Get* 15) • 

i> in charge of rariger stations; 1 

■n£ patrols. 

In charge of r*n&t?r stations; doing 
patrol work, formations, roads, and 
trails, cfaeeiHk^an^sracVil**, etc* 
{1 res i effective c>«t. 7th, 

1 laid ff effective Got. 10th,) 

• Scwporary l>arfc Bangera Che*' I i at entrances, 

M r fcrol work, and 

assisting in Chief Banker's Office. 
(2 laid ff affective Oct. 7th & 22nd). 

In addition to the regular en^leyces listed above 
service w&n appointment, t&e fol vera smployed tsoporarily 

by Mfl dry j 

- 5 - 

- 6 - 



Ski l+$ :,&h ■ 


6 3 

62 /£ 

fo.Pft* jglilt 

C*G* La»rr, 
Owi* o» Kami 



6 di$rs - Got. 1-7 



- Oct* 2-4 

- Get* 1-7 



Oct* 3t 

0«t* It ntffeal &3dSjr*m, ^h. 

.{^mMfatianf , 




C**rsroe 0* ju«a#r t titark* jUtg per 

T"m jinr ■iib^ 

Sua fc # HurUas, 

Oat* 10t Jttwmii :.i. Hmm lar^or, v 1200 X 3«r a. -ism* 

Oct* 30: EllsaV 


I eU 


- 6 -. 

III. i)i <;■ : : 

W gfmittftujauagE 

Ho mi coaotrootion work was nxidertaHnn during the 
ath wwpt that tho enowshoc cabin at Buffalo uS\L So 

Sd L2rrr li^^" "■ PUt *»• *•• ^»^ •toUara 
and doors of two inch planks* 

vii, *•»*•** wnderoen and »ina # stationed at Soda Butto. 

bailt a noir anew.) oe cabin near tho pane line at 

and dirt roof, iMm9 ^^ ^ att#rs ; ^Jj^ 

A . t i,h * 1 ***»« wed tho svi .onboard from one of tho 

downstairs roo&s In tho old Been* ^ a socond 

stojy r oo in tho roar of tho building where it is to be 
f ii HW—s tly located* -wo* 

of Assistant 

an wahoo cabin at 

as braced up, a 

^* Mftj - 1 T, WllTMinTLTjL 

w with pack train, undor the direction 
agor X*rrj 2r'aehna& 9 repaired tho 

I r jof 
i now window, and window ehutters, 

. . ,, . /*"* •*•* ***** '•P***** tt* enowshoe cabins 

installed a l/f stool cable aor « r threw silos 

oast Of Boo) ler station on the south lino of t . ?hia 

oablo is ZZ5 fast long and is provided with a c a 

capaot t of two soople, for crossing Jm rf a*, Btfs i« 
neeossary for the Mason that tho river at ti* point whojw 
I**™!* }* •*•■■•* ia *■■» ""i" and .Ida, and it la a hart- 
ship to have to ford it during the severe cold of tho winter 
««om patrols mot bo kept «p» 

Jhe two engineers were engaged throughout tho 
Math in making a su«c* of tho proposed 2ireao: ff 

s? n^ pwpo ■** ■■■ *•'* thr ° ^ h i< « rer <**•** ***** * 

IT of the Blao* arri ,r *nd tho are at Fountain Oeyaer* 

wore still engage* on this work at tho end of tho month* 

She step f eree wao engaged In 
hailing motor vehicles and hoary 

repairing and over- 
tine vy* 

- 7 - 

3» aarpoatars ooualotau tat work of iwasisllai tho 
•Id hospital at heaaaoartaro for u.o as waaaalaTqT 

at hlfio -vimfeod 

0W!er Aivii^ quartos, aajiaaaj iMMflai 1-. ..Uidowu. a 
■""■- a fow i»s 

at station* in 

OB tLoir ■tetiOMt *»* tfJOSO OUit 
rations. ota«, for t 
aot ratlaaod la 
tho vlnUr. 

*** ••• assistant aoro ftngaffod a iriag 
*«» aaatu im aaais* (antral repairs to iiaikUw; at hsadossrlasa. 
sspssia ly la the ol hospital, .?hich was sola* remodeled for 
aaehel.r quarters, sad U pro 
laaais* Into eertata ooildiu s which ar mot oooamlad in Into*. 

— olosad im aaptavJar sad 
tho trasal was iaaaaaaquaatiai, there is sat little or this 
■•"*• to rep >rU It ms aaaea :try 9 aovarer, to s 
•»• ar ias, aorrloo taraufbnmt tao aasta at ths 
aatraaaoo aad matll about lao middle at tao aont at .j s oast 

fea eatraneos. If wall bo soon a. tao oaalosad Chief 
Banger's travel aaport^taurists entered tao Park i 
month, bat most of those asms la at no thara oatraasa and 
• short trips or olao ware 

-Mm ftfftei was aj| 
nalatalaad anna* tho month. Zaa few inquirers who oaas for 

***** takea oaro of la Ivor's Off loo 

or a* oar alerts. Jlr. Saaaasr, our # vao hos 

bad ohar*o of raatloa 3 Man, was away fraa head- 

qaerters praetloelly all of rat -no.. ;tirvr bow data for 

naxt year, 

*▼• von xv pbowBkx is. 

(a) OaastraotioB s 

o cans, action work was la asagross at the oloto of 
tao aoata eaeast ay tao Park Oeaaao lienors, waloh Is aotad 


In Mlntenanee 

«* — ^^ *«g°«* tN , ua4 eleetr*ola»e # 

■■■• 1P *** «*?«r«* at the end of the month in usual 

to* •lectrlelaia ran the po er plant nl net ass tears 
J» rtey ta rovghont the isonth. A total c, ) kilowatt i 

of ourront worn fUMnM, of vdiioh 3098 trcro linn ■nut fc* M 
atilltlos. 943 for itwt «, an* 7620 for U-htiiJ 

?^ 6nl * , "^ "wiWinsa and for powr for i 

I . ate rWat-load ft.* ii, rrmt;' ,r-t» 4;.' V. b uMli.'on so 
rwmlic tho pint, tho sleotrlolaas aad* nooostary ropaln. 
lino. teJ ln«tallsd n, 

-.t.K . J!** r* •* tin "" t - ■** *«• f niinr statioa 

which la oolnr Inst x lieu Eater's Canyon sf.ire. fso 

tetel C0.1WIH;, MjptoteJ ite v.-ort- »f fotttei ■ -t i te Mi 
afldltlsa to tho d latap ^oia at aparatsry 

to teTlne this work done In tho spring boforo tho opening of 
Ite season* Ihia Company alao ho4 a ooasidoraolo eroir at 
wsr* on tho help*- «oraltory at tho Canyon, and this voric was 
nearly eomplots* a', , v'aoy also did con- 

*"*!* 1 * woA U «*»»»"*» *■* rspatrls* tholr roads la tho 
•Pilitejlafctte Canyon liotol. tho Chinanaa In ohar«»o of tho 
y *y ^' *•»*• wortrod tbroi* 5 Month nrooarin? 

the f ardaa, loo a tod on tho Oardlnor Kl-rer, for noxt year's 

*ho rellewstone Par- Tiwsfwfcafcte* Comoaay he4 
««nr«ral a«ehaalos at work erei-hanll.* -*> tor traaaportatles. 
at *a«eth t alee a eeaslderntle foree on the mtk of 
Installing the new etearo neat la* plant for he at la; tee) m 

*?*d!2 , L Kn '* # M ^ otlu ,hU *•** wl11 p»HMy *• •«■- 

■■■•■• lwii the end 

V> • Tel lo .stone Park Canps Company malts Imei three 
•wnitraetiom frm tare *hout the nonth. One ef these orws 
•• *"»»tfc eeejan the ooastr <ct,i * ef a laumarv euilsUne soli- 
ng to* lth htaeoth Jam? aad located near the proposed site 
*» *• ■*!» •alUla* at aaamoth. ?hls is to he , 

- 9 - 

bn lid ' nt» io si 3f H .' 4» iV' t f Mi paM'Mod .• .t ■ |a fchj 

Wumiu • nt faff ft'Vi^ni. i V) stoam hoatad, aad thalr 

MfciMr? ' ; ' i*m l| •! at La »im ntAol Sph mv 

AaoU ar o ow Wfu *ha aonatr *tl on of a coaerata 
awlMlac poo 40 fat La also, *ith a Madam dap 

8 foot. In eanaaatlon Uh C«r?p Rooaa^elt na«*r femr Tails* 
pool Is la W Slpplili 

at '\mwo\.U aaothar oarpaatar a;aw berraii tha wane o: 
MMtrurtlnf a saw dining roam* 100 z 50 faot la also, ith 
an adjutant atthta 35 x 70 fact In ftlaa. Thla aulldin.; it 
mida of *lad roof and atone flraplaa~s. It 

' at thu aad of tha tajaath, and It la 
th/ Ax piaa to flnlah It tLU fill if tha waataar vtU pcioalt. 

▼• PTJJB Oft FMfOfflT «»« 

73ka aaUt prapoaad far tha mi 
ont'n.liv.. V tha a*gla»ara, al tit aurraj of tha proposal 
nana MM \0 V ■ ' '•■« Mi iMl , fed MMl MhMM o 

aad aj»rmt V tha ltaaaan, tha alaatrlalaas, and tha 

ahop force, at haaaVin art trig tha aTaataalla*. af motor rah lei ea 

nd cntoraahila 
MaaaaaLoai aaa raBaaaxuK# *apa*njap§ aaa rMrStwOi 
taildlnfa V ^ * tar?* 

I of apoalal patrol* an the 'aaa ay tha rniyar 

Tha OMpa Ctbmj, tha Kotal ?ompa*y. «d Ui Prana- 
parutl n Oo«pan/, will eoatlaM ta aaaplatisa. If tha vaathar 
will aaralt 

Tha hail i nit m af iaa for *ea tha ana Ins y**r will 
Va aadartakam pre v idea It li thlak aaautfh haf^ra tte and of 


Va saw policies were adopta* lUrta* tha Math af October. 

tii. ooaf of trota? 

Cast reports ahowUg axpemdlt ires for 
ober will ha transmitted aa aooa aa praetlaahle. 

- 10 - 


lout dart* Ue I JT ''." 

' «» to or In, 

**** vmm not 

wild onlmio fron fe*d< notlao*u feet 

a n^tra aal otht 

■to**?*, u tecp, i t ■ : ' 

dotomlnt ^ot r r this ft -fin 

JO ~« 

that S" 

'»*"•»• ■■• it -^« h«pd %o hold thorn 
*•** to have e 

"" *■■■ *■** " v " M 

M to «*i*rate the y ^ 
■, *tad'l> rot ?rmi to the higher 

to Opnareat NflMltor or mm. • -« 

« of 
buffalo bail* wu 

owbjow wttro. hen t 
'** * porait f a* In* the robe 

the wild bnffalo I 

•^Ai?^-2!! ,,a ""^ mU ** «* wt or 1#. 

▼*d of 

■Wlj v t>iio< 
brotoe into tho Lake wjvf Stetloa on tho nl*M of 
Oetobor 10th and It wae MMtKU) c.lf 

ft, 00 It o» o-fTod tho razors whoa they tried to 

- 11 • 

«rlT« It ,«t of th. **•»• a* wi«»«r hiw . t < 

wpport** la hla aoatomtloa that 

ranee ear the north L 
ere noted with the hereU 

a a master of antelope h *e put In an 
near the north line, and a i^X" 

If tie 

reperta aa hare Veen reeelTed to u 
£ l ~* * •fertmwe J the usual large herds ef 

la«t .Inter were nmdmre.tlnated aid there are but a few 
housand left* k few hare tee* outaic, Parle en the 

northeaat and tea*, and hunting parties are in erldenee 
not far from the Psm* i laes wherever there la an open tea* 
eater tate laws, tat few haw* teen euoeessf a in hsjarim* 
CM «P to this date # ■«*■¥ 

Heose* Beperta are numerous of noose baring been seen 
in snail numbers In n*arV all parts of the Park and the* 
TJ^ •"• 1 i~ t •«*i*i«u loose are alao found outside 
of the Park In several plaeee. aa they are alee protected ay 
I?* 1 !"*.. 1 ™* ° f * 9 «iJ-Ji»l« etatee. a bull moose ens 
shot in ontana smwlmj Psj e mbl V a gentleman fro* an 
eastern state, in o arge *f a local guide. Re elaimed to 
hawe a permit from the ian to *t this animal 

!L?i*!!! lj ?\ f0r Mietttlfl " PTO*»«. to be mounted for a 
smmll eoh >ol in hla state. ?he authority of ti e tate 
frame rarden to issue suoh a permit hae been qaeetl ned. 

2 TE*?.*"** 1 * *•*««•• to the Park, as It was not far 

rrom the line where about twenty have been known to feed 

*Jt*. T^T! 1 n ° nthg ■ Mi " A WW report hae been made on 
this incident. 

CmffliYtrsV Observation ojl reports Indicate an in- 
•*•**• In t> e norther of ooyotes and wolree in the Parlu 
*l?** n *** 9mn ********kr wherever any other game la feme* 
la the Park* £mm*ers are enjoined to destroy them - 
tmey mewm em opportunity t and half a do son permits 

- 12 - 

I _ 

beoa issued to others connected with the national Park 
Service and winter keepers lo do so* 

teats was plentiful for wild animal s 9 
and oondU^iis mrc such that it was easily obtained 
throughout the month 

<s subject is treated farther en in -Jiis 
report under the heading of leasoaal Chafes, V 'ark 
lateral la t okiimer. J) o lateness of the migration of - 
•Barer birds was gen* rail/ noticeable. g and blue* 

birds were still observed in the Tellowst^ne Valley near 
Livingston, Hontana, as late as October 26t i 

g lfif •?!• Pi»hing was goad la ttardi | r, sad 

also ia the Fireholo aad Hadisoa Bivers, through October* 
Fishing was prohibited in the Kadiso .beginning 

October 15th 9 for the men that the fish needed 
protection while spawning, aad also that it was lard to 
keep track of the anasrous parties fishing near the vest 
line aad eep up the accessary patrols on the Park lines 
near the hunting ground*. 

Ictanical. 11 growth of vegetation stepped before 
the first of the oonth, alth h in a few win, sheltered 
places, a half doxen blossoms of fringed gentians aad 
dandelions, and green cras«*P*rsisted until October 25ttu 
A few -cares remained on the quafcir^ asp trees aad willows 
until the 10th» 

Birds? The last of the following birds were scans 
baldpate duck oa the 10th; s litary sandpiper on the 15 th; 
redtail ha?;k on the 16th; the 18th; vesper 

sparrow on the 23rd; mountain bluebird oa the 26th; white 
crown sparrow on the 26thj racadowlarfc oa the 27th; Brewer 
blackbird (en the Park Plateau) aad marsh hask en the 
29th; pink-sided juneo (on Ha Park Plate**) on the 50th; 
sad tree mpmrrom ea the Hflte ?he following birds 
arrived from the north* rough-leg hawk oa she 10th; 
intermediate Juneo on the 13th f and aorthara ehrilce on 
the 18th. On the 15th 9 mitorao^rs began to come down to 
>th for the winter* 

- 15 - 

Attain She Mtetail deer had an shaded to 

****** »ot yet finished at the end of the month. 

i!2!!L?!.. 2? *** Mth » *• mU +» neatly 
Increased in rates at Ifimmoth. On the 25th. I 

2"? 7 # **!* T** *>** **"* th * **ls« 'lateau, 
Ms dagr or tW) lat T l **-■*** »■** tHinfy In the 
taaiy timber at the mouth of the little 
M*w, spparently established for t ?. 

tat the Rttl« —— m apparentV o W about torn 

SSL £ ^ oo«on 

airier <*• »lc ^he month, Vat rawed down 

taM Fountain on the 22nd and 23rd* I 

J? ™*t ab Jt th * " mith " mi * Scheie 

on the 27th. few fresh tracks wo^ seen on the 
Hsdison Plateau, north of the little PI ratal*, an 
the 27th, and the last six elk mored out of the 

i \tl* ? l?* hole m **° v < » » tote. ■ •* about 

•l*hty elk on the Fountain mentors on the 29 Zm 

*tom the Has Perse valley. Ho oik have appeared at 
taasoth on the plaaa as | . 

1 tall moose was seen i 
Apellinaris Spring on the 15th, 

Snoiwhoe rabbits began el anting to the white seat 
of winter on the 15th end jac* rabbits t«n d^s later. * 
* "•**** «• seen in the white coat 31st. 

At the close of the month, there were still a few 
sears out of winter quarters. 

Reekming f*em this data, the season is nine days 
later than the average* 

f*Tts*S an* Viol 1 us of ^ 

fee wore rftude an all sitks by the 
: ranger force hle 

prot >&* aniwals on 

In adjoinii^ states, n ewmll- 

' '' " ' ' '-'- ■ >w y ■ o^ thc.-o li . s, Ufa 

ul tos t , 0i . to ^^ 

the I the best res 

.les havi. j vicini c nark 

lines si ,,ber lss, 1 

receive: , it wc >? two oa».r ware 

ali po idl 

pur . *e o&apc Iyer near the ..est 

Hae a tat swe 

left. It nms ^he 

parwe« win known to have been oamad aaav th» J^Z 

_Z!i*!^ * u that vlc *»i«y. where, «a« to the 

*o»»ral ro-jghneea of the country, it l , »LmZjl 1 
little dimenlt for etr^er.^to "cl "£,£%;. p-rt 

2Tl!f J h**rurtor., roqulring extra T^iU^T^ 

th»t ->™.7Z *^ZI ,uo * report*! after hta raw t 

that eountry, and report* indicate that they had Mil J 
Jo .Ik on Boold.r awuta. One aooec e*7knJefta 

;*««• ™»o tantlnc parties are reported la the 
▼letalty ^ Create. :io at ain on the north of thenar*. 

|| L *• *«Uo*lnr ar -eete were nade durta* October, 

• attl *n, . ^ 16f 1920# 

a* w ». «,*■■*', 1WU " ***•■*•* P»ttl»on on a eeam 

1 ".15 J" ^ Wl " la th# Y «"«"*one National ParkT^ 

01«y lyler, C od„ O ot. 20, 1920. 

?yler wao ta :en into euetedy k> Raarer w-»- 
a a'tJSal W S-? n l* ,lW *"* tantl^ wi^ J T .ll£.a» 
on the charge eat ordered to pay a fine of #5 and eoets. (2.T.) 

*ta 1. Stillwell, *exaa, Oct. 20. 1920. 

*~1* <ttTS! e«;'«i£r. ,at0 r *^ rtth **" — 

, .°* Bor »P«oial *»rk aooeapllaaed ey the rawer 

-t^f .!r * **• r • of kh « P«* *y Chief Pm-er :«0Britie 
wlth_.addle „* ^ ^^ ^^ ^ th 7 1 ^ W " # 

~»l»e road eigne near Junction potato in the park and 

- 14 - 

•tortus Warn aaf.l^ for ;or , :ind |1m| - 

•».erTatlon. on too a.pth of the la*.. ReaalJ of 

at J*5 £i?Z ^ at tie ltett fal1 * i«f 
•or lag the laet half of Goto! , 

«,«~ »*~. * our . ■*••*■• one oow and one calf, 

lot, after reooivlj« dua public! 

S n.i 1 ** sold 

. ant of 

rosy are described no fo] 

Foot (4) steers, one -ear ^ 0M half ld 

t side. 

One (1) oo 

Brand — V.A. on left hi . 

One (1) «alf t sueklii^. 

ffotiees of sale for the above amed stook 
were nailed to the following! 

1 Co:npa ? : :ataaa. 

208 1 -ma. 

Postoast r, llvl^ston, :<oat*uu 

Postmaster, Tellov/stone 
PeJtmastor, Co 
<sttd In Park* 

■• station established on the U par 
Yellowstone In the southeast eonor of he park, saov 
fsll to a depth of two feet and it was aeeersary to 
send in the horses and take to the use of sitis for 
petrolling before the and of Octo 

Forest gir<* gt 

*° for m ooourred during the month. 

- 15 - 

I only 
casualty d was Ma t 

Ifcsat>cHaro!d Boimcll, the infant «©* of 3r # ami 

WU jfwd . Bonnell. ?hls child *as bom on 

WNrttr 9. 19.?0, an reported last month, took 

wawepim* oom^h, whioh has b^>en ^reval«-nt amemr th» 

children nine© the litter part 

aae to Us bel-r> SQ f ami, 1% vrns tar, 

save It th jgfc heroic war* was dons c 

^ Dr* 

The Fountain Geyser played on aa average 
♦very two hours, but the dur- j eruptiem 

was only ab, > minutee. The 

placed in *n svprn^o into 

Mte Disi played on an avenge overt 
■Mates for t!r«'S ninntes. 

Geyser played abo t srery 64JV minutes* Daiay every 
eighty ainutos- Riverside ev try seven boors* and 
the a rand every ten to twelve rot to, 

lon f nnd Sawmill Geysers played frequently on almost 
every day. -^ on thi 1Uh taA Wfc|J ^ 

probably at oth*r times also. The Giantess played on 
the 15th and 28th. The Beehive and Castle Geysers 
remained inactive. 

asis to report 
thatt^ Punchbowl is mem rapidly regaining its former 
wemiii ful coloring. 

scries of observations on the Lone Star 
er developed some Interest ins data on Its action. 
The main eruptions wore found to he two h^ure and 
fifjy Bimmtee apart mmd Is Ust r*> r fifteen aimmtce. 

oll<5wed by a steam rwiod aad aeeompan lr*r roar of 
escaping steam for ten minutes, and then a gradual de- 
or-*** in fee maomt of steam to normal. About one 
hour and forty minutes after a main eruption, activity 
***** agate with a .Jet of * foot I tw or 

three •g^'t^ojlpwed by about twenty more spurts a 
minute OP*** «* £raduall fc / inuroaslnsr In heiffhi to 25 
xaes and In daratim of eruption to two minutes, them 

- 16 - 

* quiescent o* iod of about seventeen minutes, followed 
by a eecoud nry eruption lasting lutes to a 

hei-ht of 25-30 feet* ?be main erupti n followed about 
thirty minutes ♦ The preliminar spurts *T>d the 

seeonrinry eruption were mostly water whereas the *ain 
m i7»Te out mu*h steaa. Theee moTomente were 00 
remarkably regular as to cause me to beiiere that this 
la the seat ra^lar of all our geys* 

Buaalal viaiy,-- 

Went* Can oming, passed thro^ the 

pas* em October c 1 

District Forest i f f Missoula, 

^y— » *»* Fo visor Bm^st Shew* of the 

A ^* arolca *%tlon- ^ af oa October 


tfre. Kobert C. Harris, of Sow York, alio spent 
the manor In the par* and at a avail ranch on 
Creek where It crosses the pewfc line, left the >ork on 
Ootobor 7th* 

sstlM rUssllssl 

lo motion >letu o ooerators visited the car* 
dnriwr the mo* . 

Between eotaaber 29th and October M 
Superintend out I n de a trip of about two hundred 

«il*s ever the in the southern oart of the park, 

exploring e in try that has be*n but little known terete- 
fore* He has made a special roi>ert core 
of this tr^ . 

Bntortainmen^s. The entertainments which have been 
* weefcly in the :>ost 3xehau*re Buildin 
amusaacnt of employees ad at the close of 

the tourist season in September and hare not yet boon re- 
auned due *,o prevalence of 

children, and tfcf? nines* of the ?rife of one of our ante- 
mobile mechanics who has rooms in the same build* . 

Bel lg Ions Serricoa- church services were held 
evening one Sunday during the month. 

- 17 - 

notour si*t, % | , 

;^ 1 * 9 of \ C "<* ** to 34 incluaiYe, 

ct0 ft - 1 J" 1 ■K>*oee4 for. ,-,-,. lnformUm* ':opy of i' 
«MOPMid\CT to the 7 'ress, compiled the lai : r 

if Ra^or'P 0f<- , Ase ho^^i 

alto etiBlose^. ^ 

:• . | - • UQ HUH . : 

Report of aeneye due, collected, mri trananitted, 
^•ther with raoney orders and draft, totally §Sal # 73 # aa 
eUled for hy the •• ■. r»ade o* the re*nj 

forma, te enclosed. In tail connection, attention la 
lnTlteo ^i« row! tt*ne* s ^ ,,,1 

'•red *y Meedaws -ieetaan aa rental 

for their tract of land at tat > porpo^. for 

the period or* in* D ieWlii 31, 1920. <efciowleefcee»t of 

Cordis "8, 

■athaal ?art arvloe, 
Deparfcx -i r, 


- It - 





1, l r . 

To: ester A, Lindsl< ; Supt., 
From: i,P,3 alist. 

Botanical: All or vegetatic he 

first of . . 

sheltered issona of' 

fri ideliom , ten 


mtil the 10th, 

Birds: I 

ldpate , ' roojn anu solj 




' * on 30 J ; 

to CO 

Animals: - 

001 of October. 

11th i nd 

* not I i . h. 

the , md lu] 

the • i 

found auout twe 

mouth of the Littl itly 

established for bh 

An el. \ 9th 

but the rutu: . ou t 

-he 20th. Ik irere common about the Dp] 

i duri u t 

moved down toward Fountain on 3rd, but 

I found 
the Lj.1 

ia* about thirty head about the mouth of 
atule Firehole on the 27th, A few fresh 

It Hi 5?Ji! # *? ° n , the Madis ° n Pla ^a U| north 
ol the Little ^irenole on the 27th and the 

last sax elk moved out of the Little ^irehole 
meadows on the same date. About eighty elk 
on the Fountain meadows on the 29th but none 
along the Nez Perce valley, U elk have ap- 
peared at Mammoth on the plaza yet. 

A bull moose was seen in Willow Park oppo- 
site Apollinaris opring on the 15th. 

Snowshoe rabbits began changing to the 
white coat of winter on the 15th and jack rab- 
bits ten days later, A weasel seen in the 
white coat on the 31st, 

At the close of the month there -ere still 
a fww bears out of winter quarters. 

Reckoning from this data, on is 9 
days later than the average. 





November 1, 19 
Tc: Cheater A. L . . -. . s ...... 

Prom: M. P. Skinner, turalist. 

Tlie Fountain 
two hours, but i v 

about 14 tn played on an ' 

average interval of nine hours. The Shite Dome played 
on an average every 23 minutes for three minutes. 

At the Upper Geyser Basin: Old Faithful Geyser 

played about every 64£ minutes, Daisy every 80 minutes, 
Riverside every 7 hours, and the Grand every 10 to 12 
hours. The Grotto, Lion, and Sawmill Geysers played 
frequently on almost every day. The (riant played 
the nth and 18th and probably at other times also, 
The Giantess played on the 15th and 2:3th. The Beehive 
and Castle Geysers remained inactive, 

I am very much pleased to be able to report 
that the Punchbowl is now rapidly regaining its former 
wonderful coloring. 

A series of observations on the Lone Star 
Geyser developed some interesting data on its action. 
The main eruptions were found to be 2 hours and 50 minutes 
apart and to last for 15 minutes, followed by a ste^n 
period and accompanying roar of escaping steam for 10 
minutes, and then a gradual decrease in the amount of 
steam to normal. About 1 hour and 40 minutes after 
a main eruption, activity began again with a jet of water 
a foot high for two or three seconds, followed by about 
twenty more spurts a minute apart and gradually increase 
in height to 25 feet and in duration of eruption to two 
minutes; then a quiescent period of about 17 minutes, 
followed by a secondary eruption lasting four minutes to 
a height of 25-30 feet. The main eruption followed 
about thirty minutes later. The preliminary spurts and 
the secondary eruption were mostly water whereas the main 
eruption gave out much steam. These movements were so 
remarkably regular as to cause me to believe that this 
is the most regular of all our rs. 

■3 " ;> & £6tt~ZiMto 




/o „ 



*CUdb~^J* iLuuv^o 

J» &*~us*s* 

'4 - (>&*> ■> ?^>fb<J^,c£+»* 

'' ^ /' *<f%4*+ OOuk^^. <4^JL c/ £u> . 






°j C^-^^w^ /Wa>c^ /(Lyut^»^-cA^r^\ 

p^--^C&*srrtAJi\ ,-^we/oti^ -4^pU^^yJbju\ 30/1 7j0, 


9o 74ul '■ 






OCTOBER 192 0. 

Compiled by Park Ranger Bishop 
Chief Ranger's Office. 

Department of the Interior 

National T±rk Serriec 
Tellewstone national Jfcrk* 

Chief Rancor 9 s Monthly Report 
to the Superintendent. 

»»?!! OF OCTOBER 1920* 

Seemly for the bonlflt of the depleted cane 
herde of the perk, October, through the entire nonth erne 
beneficial to all gee* with nlld weather and abundant feed. 
Though enow Ilea orsr preotioally all of the park at the 
present tir.e the first three weeks of the month carried 
fair weather with several slight snov falls* 

The favorable west er aided greatly in the 
proteetiwe work 4f the Ranger foroe and eared several 
thousand dollars for nainteneaee of the Ranger depart- 

Ranrer SUtion reporte indicate snow in the 
following dept s: 

*ta«oth 4.3 inches. 

■***!• 7.8 Inches. 

Madison Amotion S.6 inches. 

Mworslde S.O inches. 

<*U*tin 14.0 inches. 

*r Basin 3.2 inches. 

9.0 inches. 

*iw 11 #0 inches. 

Sylwen ftiss U.7 inches. 

4.0 inches* 

Canyon 4 # inches. 

Tower Fella 2.6 inches. 

Soda Butte 4.7 inohee. 

Sellroering 9.3 inohee. 

Crevice e.6 Inches. 

^tr f s patroling the unprotected boarders 
of the park claim that but five elk hare been killed 
end two deer during the hunting season to date, while the 
elk herds suffered a loss running In the thousands during \s^ 
the same period of 1919. It was also olained by these 
Rangere that the animal* killed were free* fire to twenty 
miles away from the park lines. 

V*ry few animals of the big gam caliber have 
been seen in the loelande. Though large herds cone in 
contact with the Rangers daily, it is claimed by then that 
the elk and deer are drifting to the interior of the 
park but continue to grate across the high ridges. 


Rangers in charge of the gateways to the 
park discontinued oharg/ing the regular entrance fee of 
17.60 for automobile tourists, October 10, upon orders 
of Superintendent Albright. Forty nine permits were sold 
during the month. Thirty two tourists received permits 
from the Chief Ranger 1 s Office to travel through the 
park to West Yellowstone or to visit nearby scenic regions. 
Five permits were issued to looal hunters to bring game 
birds through the park and three permits were issued to 
members of the Rational P*rk Service to hunt predatory an- 
imals, while two not in the Service received the same 

Superintendent Albright, in an order issued 
October 15, 1920; prohibited all fishing in the Madison 
river and its tributaries. This action was taken upon 
recommendation of Chief Ranger MoBride to protect the 
large Rainbow and LockLeven trout spawning In its head- 
waters. The action received many compliments from lovers 
of the fishing sport. 

Four steers, one cow and o e calf, impounded 
by order of Superintendent Albright September 1, after 
receiving due publicity in the districts in which they 
were found; became the property of the United States 
government October 1 and will be sold at public auction 
as prescribed by the Department of the Interior Dec. 1,, 

They are discribed as follows : 

Four (4) steers, one year and one half old. 
Brand — D (D bar) on right side* 

One (1) cow, 

Brand — V.A, on left hip. 

One (1) calf, suckling. 

Notices of sale for the above named stock 
was mailed to the following: 

W.A. Hall Company, Gardiner, Mont. 
Postmaster, Gardiner, Mont. 
Postmaster, Emmigrant, Mont. 
Postmaster, Livingston, Mont. 
Postmaster, Yellowstone Bark, Wyo. 
Pbstaaaster, Corwin Springs, Mont. 



All application for Ranger positions have 
boon approved by the Secretary of the Interior upon the 
reeosnendation of Superintendent Albright, which brings 
the force to its stipulated quota* 

Ranger Hans Larson, temporary, Crevice sta- 
tion became a member of the peraanent force October 1. 

Temporary Ramger E.M. Ueade, K.A.E., on duty 
checking cars at the Feet Yellowstone entrance to the park 
was relieved from duty October 10, whsn all entrances to 
the park were closed. 

Robert Wilkenson, employed as car checker at 
the Sylvan Pass (East) entrance reported at -anaoth Hot 
Springs Ootober IS, 1920* He performed Ranger duties but 
was not olassed as such* 

Temporary Ranger San Hurieas, detailed to sup- 
ervise the cutting of wood at the Upper 3aein Station 
completed his dutjfies Ootober 22, after which his service 

Ase't* Chief Ranger James Brooks, in charge 
of the eastern and southern districts of the park, rec- 
eived an appointment as Chief Ranger of Glacier National 
ffcrk* His services terminated in Yellowstone National 
Park October 13, after which, he left directly for Glacier 
National to resume his new duties* 

Leaves of absences* 

Ho applications for leaves by any neobor of 
the Ranger force were nade during tho xaonth* 

The following made official trips to head- 
quar 4 ere during the month* 

B*C. Laoombe (2$ Janes Dupuis (2) 

Hans Wreen (4) F.J. Townsend (2) 

Charles J* Smith Henry Anderson (2) 

Court B. Dewing Steter Lawsoti* 

Chief Ranger McBrdie returned from A throe week 
inspection tour around the park borders October 23. His 
reports show that^the out-lying districts of the park 
are exceedingly, protected and all snow-shoe cabins are 
in first class conditon for the winter* 


Hangers with the assistance of the Chief Car- 
penter completed minor repairs on all of the stations. Ar- 
senal property and supplies have been received by ail of 
the men on the force. The weather conditions were favorable 
to complete the work of supplying 4he Ranker stations with 
the last of the necessary articles. 

Station work * 

MaMioth Hot £p£ings . 

Rooms formerly occupied by Rangers in the old 
Bachelor quarters were vacated during the aonth. Superin- 
tendent Albright eVaflgned the lower floor of the old head- 
qu arters building to^ the Ranger force for their use. 

Supplies for the following stations were ff 
shipped from headquarters: 

Horris One truck load hay. 

Riverside One trou/. load of 

oonnissary articles. 
One truok for cabin 
delivery purposes. 

flpper Basin One truck for personal 

property of Hurless. 

Snake River One trwik load hay. 

One trunk trail orew 

Lake One trunk load supplies. 

One truck of supplies for 
Upper Yellowstone Station. 

Buffalo Ranch One trcu supplies. 

Two trucks oats. 
One truck bran and oats. 

Canyon One truok of rations. 

Soda Butte One track supplies and 

lumber and etc. 

Gardiner One truok grain. 

One true* coal. 

Irregular patrols and the care of loose stock 
was attended to. 


Station rprk. 

J!?Il r i - Ll 

K*ator - rrinor repairs about 

the rUtion and the outting of tho winter suppl}' of wood 
have been oomplet«M . The Chief Carpenter visited the sta- 
tion to install a steel Joi*t in th* ham where a broken 
timber caused It to spread. 

I^trolG wore isade to the Canyon and Grizslie 
Lake areas in addition to official patrols to 4*crx>tL bwt 
Springs* *hile patrollnr; these areas, two herds of el:: 
were seem wish 300 and 68. Several bear continue tc roam 
about the vicinity of the station while nene oan be seen 
daily at the u anyon. Fi^ns of noose were also observed. 
Predatory animals are numerous In the wioinity. So change 
in the geyser basin was reported. 


Hangers Ford Purdy, Luther Custer and Ass't. 
Chief :> «anger Charles J. Smith** Signs relative to the 
fishing in the imdison river were posted alonf its waters 
end tributaries. A truck whs used to haul hay to the 
Qreyling and Maple creolt snow-shoe cebl- ' ng 

the huntinr season. 

The reports show that *wo elk were killed 
in the district both of whioh oocured during the iirst 
of the huntinf season in the Gallatin mountains more than \^ 

fire miles from the park line. Three huntinf parties were 
vamped on the adison river near the park line but become 
discouraged and left before seouring any rarao. 

Very few elk are to be seen in the entire 
district. One herd of seventeen have been seen near the 
Baker Hole on the 'adison. Predatory anlnala are numerous* 

One man has been on duty at the station dur- 
ing the month eheoklng the automobile trt.ff: the 
park. Cne man pitched his oaop on the park line for the 
hunting season on Ootober 12. 

I*st ^UtUu 

Rangers Imj- Frasier and San Woodring,- Rations 
were taken to the rportsn^n. Lake and Ore^ling cabins by 
use of pack horses for thoir needs during the hunting sea- 

One man made regular patrols to the Sport snan 
Wke diet riot. One man has been stationed on the park line 
during the hunting season to date. 


Station work. 


■ *• Atftv utrols in 

this region have been cade regularly during the hunting 
*eason # extending south to Buffalo lako. All big gane In 
the regions are reported soatterea and grasing very high 
in the Mountains* miiov i a a*id to be fourteen inches 

deep along the top of tho mountains, no # change was oV 
served in the gene activity. 

Rangers Kaynorai Little and Jjee Cottrell,- 
Heather conditio i nade it possible for Ass't. hief Ranger 
Harry Trieehaan to errect ^ 3/4 inch o*ble aoross tho Falls 
river east of the station. The cable is 296 feet long and 
is used as a track for a two passenger coupe to ford the 
river, .rtvicuj to the completion of he cab xe -way the 
Rangers were f rce 1 Is) wade the river during tlvs winter 
and surtner whioh wade petroling in the district danrorous 
due to the snoot. n river bottom anu ix-s great vidp 

Extensive repair work on the Cascade creek 
oabin was also oca; eaall pack train carried 60 

rations to tho oabin where regular stops are ciade by 
rangers patrol ing that area durir. vntinf soraon. 

One nan has been oaaped on the park line ♦<> date during 
the hi season. 

f>sv^ral large herds of el*c nd moose was 
seen in the district but no count was reported. 

SneJM Ri ver • 

Rangers Willian Purdue and -arl no*nsn,- 
Temporary cjuar srs and trails were constructed on <-are- 
bell creek for use du-ing the hunting season. Thirty 
rations were packed to the canp. Katlo-s for the Fox 
ereek and as cad cabins were also delivered. All pack 
and trail erews working in 4 hc vicinity completed the 
seasons work on or before Nov. 1,. 

herd of BOO elk was seen drifting out of 
the park and another herd of 57 have been feeding on the 
Snake river. One herd of 12 ,'ioose was also reported. 

e nan w*s on etation duty until October ^ 
22, checking automobile and pack outfits traveling into 
the park. 

7 .. 


Station work . 


ttangora Jfuaes Kuasell and A.T. Bioknell,- Por 
t o purpose of laepinc a check on the water of the Tellow- 
atone Wire, a gauge was placed alone the lake shore where 
dally obaervatione were made. The reports show that the 
water In the laice fell 4 1/2 Inches during the last 15 
days of the month. rhe«e obserwatlons will be token as long 
as the lake remains open. 

All aigns in the vicinity of the i«ike and $ 
Canyon points of interest were taken down for the winter 
by these riangere. -cations were tafcen across the lake for i/ 
the %rk Point and Hpper Yellowstone snow-shce cabins. 
The remodeling of the interior of the station was completed. 

Two elk herds were seen during the latter part >/ 
of the month, numbering 43 and 14. It la reported that they ^ 
are drifting in a northerly direction. Seven bear are in 
the vicinity. 

fteguior patrols have been made to the Canyon 
Park Point and Thunb dis J riots. One man has been patroling v^ 
at large. 

Rangers . - lOoyen and CO. Davis # - Two feet 
of anew on the level near the station made it impossible y^ 
to keep horsea at the station. Skis were brought into oper- ^ 
action to do the patroling. 

All preparations for the winter have been com- 
pleted. The new cabin in the district is aaid to be the ^ 
finest snow-shoe cabin in the park. 

Ifetny elk and .-noose have been seen on the high 
ridges during the month. The reports show that these ani- 
mals are not drifting. 

Ranger R.R. ^iedon,- "xtenaive hunting in the 
district was brought to a sudden closa by the effective 
patroling by the Ran or in oharge of this district. (See 
ar nasts) 

Nations were pactoed to the cabin on Eagle 
MUl for the few patrols to be made into that territory. ^ 

Ill* Torlc Completed* 
Station work* 

Flerer. hunting partita have boon canpod ^ 
near the park line or. Series credit for ' 

but have been unsuccessful in billing big game. 

The reports show that tiioro are no elk moose 
or other big fane In the lowland* of the district. But one / 
elk hat been killed up to date of this se^ac: | »aast- 
ern border < f the park* 

lPZ?L i: \1 ^b 1 

Rsager Janes Dupuls*- fotrols designated by 
Chief Ranger HoBride and tho herding of ranker and D.ofl* 
horses frtsi Jejurioth to tho riough ereok Horse Kanoh has 
nado regular patroling impossible* Lriftlng buffalo also 
required attention* 

According to the roports, more than 1500 
elk are graving on Mount TJorris, These elk are said to 
be in excellent condition *vnd arc xvt inclined to Ar ft 
to the lcr*l*nds* Deer and fur bearing animals are reported 
■■!■■■■■■ ■ §■■*!« abundant in the north eastern section* 

Throe trapping partios have locate \ on the 
north bounder-' of tho nark and have p] trap lines \f 

on Slough creeic and its headwaters* 

Soda Sutte^ 

Rangers "VK>rr;e Finn and Henry Anderson*- The 
Rangers at this station have completed a snow-shoe cabin 
on the north puf. lino for use during tho hunting season. 
One man is etationod there at all tltts* 

Game in large herds are in the vicinity 
but no oount was reported* 

Chief ^*rp*nter "ebb attempted to repair tne 
station but was unable to maV;e an effective shoving due u^ 
to the poor condition of the foundation* 

The buffalo in tho vicinity of the station 
are said to be in good condition and feeding under excell- 
ent conditions* 

One death among tbs herd was reported* (See 


Station wprk» 

Rangers Ester Lewson and Clifford Anderson, - 
These nan have made temporary quarters on Hellroaring IlH 1 ^ 
for the hunting season. Dally patrols are made over the 
entire district* 

Probably the most favorable game reports for 
the park are from this district. Two bands pf elk on Hell- 
roaring ans Slough creek, numbering 1600 in each herd, are 
seen regularyly by these Rangers* Seven moose are grasing 
on Buffalo Mountain with forty black tail deer* Four 
mountain sheep have also been seen in this neighborhood* 

Eleven hunters, said to be from Big Timber 
and Bowlder, Mont* have been seen in the district* Con- 
firmed reports say that two elk have been killed by these 
hunters* Both elk were killed on Bowlder Mountain* 

One moose was killed in violation of the law [/ 
in that district* (See moose report)* 


Rangers Court Dewing and Hans Larson,* Two 
trips with pac>< horses were made by these Rangers in trans- 
porting their winter supplies to the station* 

Game is said to be high in the mountains in 
the districts Three hunting parties have been seen in the 
neighborhood but no animals were killed to the best of their 


Sheds have been completed to store hay and 
other government supplies whioh will eliminate trucking 
and handling costs. Though these sheds will not be used 
regularyly, they will be a big advantage in an emergency 
case* Other minor repairs were made* 

One man ill held at the station during the 
month to inspect and check traffic into the park. His 
report shows that 110 tourists came into the park through 
the northern entranoe* 


One man made regular patrols along the park 
line* His reports ftWJ indicates big game animals are still 
grasing in the mountains* Seventeen elk were seen and about k 
300 antelope in the hay field and on the tar rot range near 
the station* 



,. ,. k T ** 'olloring changes have been made in 

the poller to be followed by members of the Ranger force. 

"J f* gh * ln f Ji 11 ^ P*™ 111 ^ «■ the Madison river 
or its tributaries. Arsons violating the order ' 
ehould be proeeouted. 

It shall be unlawful for any pereon to have in hie 
possession game meat or any part of said animal. 
An act o* -iongress makes poesession alone, a vio- 
Ion of the law. 

That no person or persons shall be permitted to 
use the trails of this park with firearms, sealed or 
unsealed in their possession. VThen coming in oontact 
with such persons, whey ahouid be taken into custody 
and tried before the commissioner on a oharge of hunt- 
ing within the Yellowstone ftirk. 

There will be but throe men not in the ftatiomal 
*rk Serrioe who will be permitted to kill predatory 
animals within the park. Others must be dealt with 
aocording to the law. 

A drastlo change /must be made in the care of 
government property byiouteiders but by members of the 
Ranger foroe as well. Bsrsons violating this order will 
be held responsible for the damaged property. 

(The above drafts are similar to notices mailed all 
members of the Hanger foroe.) 


All men of the department are lending every 
effort to make the hunting season from a protective stand- 
point, the most successful in the history of the park. 
Disappointment in the nunber of elk to be seen predominates 
among many of the Rangers while some of the H old timers" V 
claim the herds have increased 10 percent with the favorable 
olimatio conditions and excellent grazing grounds. 

Though no oount of the game herds have been S 
made to date, Rangers have been instructed to keep a con- 
stant check on all game seen. 

*1 »!••• 



Numerous estimates of those animals vary 
from one to three hundred. Reports from the Gardiner 
Station show the number to be 540 in that vicinty. v^' 

Rangers crossing the Black Tail and Turkey Pen ranges 
reported stray bands in small numbers. 

Their condition is said to be fair and 
though no count has been received relative to the young 
animals it is estimated that the births increased the 
herd about 15 percent. Rumors relative to these animals \ 

nave made their protection in every detail a Tdry essen- 
tial duty. 

BUFFALO, tame herd. 

Holding the buffalo in the vicinity of the 
Buffalo ranch during the fore part of the month fees very 
difficult, according to Buffalo Keeper Laoombe. Their 
aotions were very much out of the ordinary. During a heavy 
storm October 29 t contrary to past habits, they willingly 
turned and returned to their former feeding grounds along 
the ridge of Mount Norris. 

Prepartions for the castration and vaccina* 
tion of the Herd lov. 6 is being completed. One young 
buffalo bull is being prepared for shipment to the Toledo 
Zoology Society. 

The circumstances surrounding the death of 
a fifteen year old buffalo bull near Soda Butte has aroused 
no small amount of anxiety among the park officials. The 
bull was apparently in good condition when last seen alive 
October 16. It is thought death was due to a poisonous weed 
whioh resulted in its death the following day. It is thought 
the swamp poison had nothing to do w th it. 


Dispite numerous cold snaps and heavy snow 
fall, bear continue to re>am in their native haunts. They 
are reported to be in excellent condition. Their distruce 
tion of property at the resorts in the interior of the 
park has been responsible for many complaints. They 
were received from the following places: 

Canyon Ranger Station V 

Camp Roosevelt T.P.C. Company. 

Canyon Y. P.C. Company. 

Canyon Y.P.H. Company. 





Draft of report telephoned by Ranger CO. Davis 
on killing of bear on the night of October 10% 

About 2 a.m. the bear broke into the ^Lke 
Ranger station through a rear door. He was a 
small black bear with a visoious disposition. 
Ratio s for the Upper Yellowstone Station was 
stored in the kitohen. 

Upon hearing the bear enter the station, 
&avis slipped into a few olothes with the intention "\ 

©** nmnjnr *the bear out. Af+*»^ s«tq ^oaches \ . 

the bear raised c ind feet and d. -is 

who held a 45 revolver is his hand. One shot Tras 
fired in self defence which killed the bear. 

Anreport of the incident was made the foll- 
owing aorning to Chief Hanger McBride. The bear was 
skinned and the hide brought to the Chief Rangers Office 
for proper disposition. 

Draft of shooting of bear by J.F. Wilson, 
winter keeper for the Yellowstone Fark Hotel company, ^ 
statior at the Canyon Hotel. Ootober 15, 1920. 

About 9 a large black bear broke 
into the kitchen of Wilson's quarters while 
he was preparing for the night. He claimed the / 
bear began to loot his supplies. He snatohed his ^ 
rifle and shot the bear in the doorway of his quarters. 

Ho report of the killing was made nor did 
he seoure permission from the authorities to kill the 
animal. He had received permission from the Chief Ranger s 
Office to shoot coyotes, wolves and mountain lion and 
thoroughly understood the regulations covering an un- 
sealed gun. 

He was ordered to report to the Superintendent 
after a report of the shooting was received. Kis permit 
was oanoelled and gun sealed with orders not to brake the V 
seal only in case of life or death. Other bear near the 
soene distroyed the oarcass. 


u. other matters or interest. 


^u a*< Sstinates Of the elk hem fro* reliable ") 
authorities put their nmabor at 18,000. This will not 
be confiraed until Rangers make an official count of the 
numrous bands* 

*ugh ell efforts to protect the elk are 
being- made no attonpt to feed them hay on the regualr 
feeding grounds rill be aade during the winter unless the 
conditions booooe serious. Forage is plentiful arv* during 
the month, tho herds showed no intention of their 
feeding grounds on tho high ridges. 

But one elk has been found dead to date this 
year. The anioal was found b> Ranger i«do» October 
11 on Jones creek. The head, hi ie and hind quarters had 
been reaoved whioh led the Hanger to believe that the elk 
had been killed reoently. 

An investigation* of the affair which consuaed 
several days pointed to the guilt of C.A. Jettison of Cody, 
Wyo. Be was taken fhto custody October 15 and held at th«* 
Sylvan Jmss Ranger station until the following day when a 
trial by telephone w\s conducted by U.s. con. J.7\ Meldxm. 
Ikttison was foung guilty and ordered to pay a fine of *106« 

"Bill" a renown aninal of Ma«*>th Rot Sorinfs 
returned to iiea Jouarters for the winter October 18 • 
elk was one of the leading attractions of the tourists sea- 
son at Tower Falls. His presence meets with great disapproval. 


The reports froa the Hanger Stations in 
wilds ef the park contain many wc^se reports. Sign? 
these aniaaU are numerous and are fails frequently ob- 
served, nils has led officials to believe their herds are 
increasing • 

A local guide, while conducting a p»rty in 
the Hellroaring district outside of the park, shot a bull 
Boose. He olained he had received penal 3 s on frosi the Ptate 
*aoe Warden of JJontana to shoot the animal. Officials of 
the ftLrk and Forest Tervice disapproved of the Killing 
and are conducting a tnfouf^h investigations'. Jteasibly 20 \ 

animals have been harbored within the park in that district 
which is responsible for the disgust manifested by the 
Rangers of the doperteent. These animals have been protected 
for asuiy years and have beoooe quite taas. 





Common sentiment among all of the Rangers rel- 
ative to the coyotes and wolves is an increase of many / 
numbers among the animals. These aniuals are seen daily. 

Permits were issued to the following to kill 
the predatory animal on sight: 

Lee Webb ink Lind 

Bert Stinnett cDonald 

Sam Hurlcss . k# Musser. 


C.A. Battison, Cody Eyo. October ie # 1920. 

Ranger R.R. Wisdom arrested Pattison on a charge of 
killing an elk within the Yellowstone ational Park. He 
was found guilty by U.S. Commissioner John f. Ualdrun 
and fined tlOC and oosts. (|6.50 ) 

Clay Tyler. Cody, flyo. October 20, 1020. 

Tyler was taken into custody by Ranger R.R. fTisdom 
who found said party hunting with the Yellowstone National 
Bark. He was tried before the U.S. Commissioner on the 
charge and ordered tc pay a fine of £25 and costs ($2.75). 

John L. Ctillwell, Texas. October 20, 1920. 

Stiliwell was taken into custody with Tyler and 
dealt with in the sane manner.